India’s smart cities plan requires better taxation.
NEW DELHI] India’s plan to establish 100 smart cities, if properly implemented, could set a trend in the developing world for innovative and sustainable infrastructure development, an international meet held in Delhi in early February concluded.
“This is an opportunity for India to use technology to leapfrog across the world,” Amitabh Kanth, secretary in Indian government’s department of industrial policy and production, said at a session during the 15th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS), organised by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).
India’s plan as announced by the government would make use of geographic information systems for town planning and use the latest technology for utilities, waste management and transport systems.
Kanth said India does not need to replicate western models of urbanisation such as the one in Atlanta, US, where 98 per cent of people travel using cars that guzzle fuel. “It is advisable and [also] easy for us to avoid such urbanisation,” he said.
According to a McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) report, India’s urbanisation will be rapid. “It took nearly 40 years (1971— 2008) for India’s urban population to rise by 230 million. It could take only half that time to add [another] 250 million,” the report says.
The MGI report, a point of reference at the DSDS meet, cautions that the challenge of raising infrastructure will be enormous given the impending massive addition to India’s urban population. At the current rate of investment, the report says, the average citizen would get an average 65 litres of water a day and cities would release 70—80 per cent of their sewage untreated.
-Sci Dev Net